Ear Surgery

The purpose of the surgery called otoplasty is to correct the ears´ aesthetic imperfections as when the ears stick out too far or very prominent ears. This type of defect is very usual and has strong psychological effects, particularly in children. Considering this, the best age to go through an otoplasty is between 5 and 7 years, when the ears are already formed and have almost reached their final size.

Preoperative Preparation

The main recommendation for this period is suspension of medications based on acetylsalicylic acid (i.e.: aspirin), for the 10 days that precede the surgery. It is recommended that the doctor is told of any medication that is being taken or any physical changes as a flu or infection. The ears and the hair should be carefully washed on the eve of the surgery. In case the patient has long hair, it should not be cut before the surgery as it will help to hide the dressings on the first days.

Surgical Procedure

The excess of skin is removed by an incision behind the ear when the cartilage is molded to correct imperfect contours. The ear is then sutured in a standard position. The otoplasty is a technically difficult surgery, as it requires a detailed work, but its great benefit is that it does not require great displacement or invasion. The scars are practically invisible, placed on the sulcus between the ears and the cranium. As for the type of anesthesia, the use of general anesthesia may be recommended but usually the use of local anesthesia combined with a small dose of sedative is enough.

Postoperative Care

Usually there is no pain during the postoperative period of otoplasty. If it happens, a regular pain killer will bring relief. It is necessary to keep a facial dressing band put over the ears from 5 to 7 days and during which time the patient must not lie on the side. After the stitches are removed , the patient must wear a sleeping cap for at least one month. The stitches are removed between the 10th and 12th day after the surgery. The patient must not be exposed to the sun for long periods of time during the first month. Although the immediate result is satisfactory, the final result of otoplasty is achieved around the sixth month.